The horses in Horse Reality consist of various characteristics. Each horse consists of +/-50 genes. All of them together determine which colour the horse is, how healthy it is, and how it performs in shows and competitions.

All characteristics are divided into 4 groups, and each characteristic consists of 2 alleles:

  • Colour genetics: to determine the colour of the horse
  • Phenotype (conformation): used to determine scores in competitions and conformation shows
  • Genetic Potential: used to determine scores in competitions
  • Health: used for breeding and the general health condition of horses

Colour genetics

Most of the colour genetics are available after testing. Be aware that you can only test genes that have tests available for them in reality. Let's take flaxen as an example: there is no test available for flaxen in real life, which means that you cannot test for flaxen in Horse Reality either. Even though there is no test available for it, you can still see it on the horse as a blonde mane and tail. This means that there can be some hidden genes that you don't know of, so be sure to keep an eye out for them!

Find out more about the colour genetics.


The phenotype of a horse is used to determine how good-looking and moving the horse is. When you go to a horse's achievements page and check it's conformation, you get a global view of those statistics.

At the moment of writing, the phenotype statistics are divided into 5 groups:

  1. Poor = < 40 points
  2. Below average = 40 - 59 points
  3. Average = 60 - 69 points
  4. Good = 70 - 84 points
  5. Very good = 85+ points

These stats are visible at birth. After a horse's first conformation show they will be tested on several traits: walk, trot, cater, gallop, posture, head, neck, back, shoulders, front legs, hindquarters, and socks. Once the show's awards ceremony has concluded, you will be able to see the results on their page.

When entering in a horse show, there will be a few extra things to take into account. You can find more information about it here.

Genetic Potential

There are 10 genes that determine a horse's genetic potential, which is basically the sports foundation of your horse. Your horse will be good in a certain discipline when he has a good set of genes that are needed for the selected discipline.

Each trait consists of 2 alleles. When you breed your horses, the foal will always have 1 allele of the dam and 1 allele of the sire for each trait with a variation of a few points. This means that the foal could have better or worse traits than the parents. Depending on which alleles the foal receives, it might be a completely different outcome than you expected!

  • Acceleration
  • Agility
  • Balance
  • Bascule
  • Pulling Power
  • Speed
  • Sprint
  • Stamina
  • Strength
  • Surefootedness


At this moment, health is not really taken into account yet. The only part where health is checked is when you are breeding with your horses. You can take your horse to the veterinarian to reveal their stats for the following factors.


One of the factors taken into account for pregnancy success rates is the quality of the stallion's semen. Depending on what his stats are, the chance of a failed pregnancy can be greater. You can find more information in the Success rate section of the Breeding article.

At this moment, the quality of the stallion's semen cannot be tested.


The better your horse's health will be, the fewer problems it will have.

  • Colic resistance
  • Hoof quality
  • Back problems
  • Respiratory disease
  • Resistance to lameness
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