The history of the gypsy horse is one that has largely been lost to time. The breed was created by the Roma in Great Britain. They chose strong horses to pull their carts and vardoes, gently natured horses to be among their children, coloured horses because those were once undesired and cheap, and good trotters to perform in their trotting races. All these qualities resulted in a versatile horse that is easily identified by its colour, conformation and magnificent feathers. Though at one point maybe frowned upon, these horses are now quite popular all around the world.


Due to the breed's mixed origin, a lot of colours have manifested themselves in the gypsy horse before it was truly accepted as a breed. The predominant colour is black, but shades of bay and chestnut (including flaxen) also appear. Grey is rare as it hides the praised spotting patterns, but also valued by some as the dapples can make for a striking contrast with tobiano. Dilutions are rare and considered valuable, but starting to become more common. They include cream, silver and more rarely dun and even pearl.

The gypsy horse is well known for its wide range of patterns. Tobiano appears most often, but there are also records of sabino-1 and roan. Many horses appear to carry some form of splash or sabino (sometimes referred to as 'blagdon'), but the true source of it remains unknown. W20 has been found in a few horses, where it likely attributes to the horse's pattern. Appaloosa spotting appears in the spotted cobs as varnish roan, blanket and (near) leopard, though there's still some discussion about the pureness of the horses with these patterns.

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